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Waste circuit board recycling equipment processing technology and prospects

Time: December 6, 2022

Circuit board recycling equipment occupies a place in the field of electronic waste treatment, and can be widely used as waste circuit boards, copper-clad boards, circuit board edge material processing, etc. Automated waste circuit board recycling and processing line of waste circuit boards (PCB) is a mixture of glass fiber reinforced resin and a variety of metals, its metal grade is equivalent to dozens to hundreds of the metal grade in ordinary minerals, its metal content is up to 40%, is a typical electronic waste. Circuit board recycling equipment can recover metals and other effective resources without causing any environmental pollution, is currently more suitable for the protection of the environment, efficient and fully automatic recycling of waste circuit board production line.

Waste circuit board crushing and recycling process

The whole line structure and process flow of circuit board recycling equipment: circuit board processing and recycling production line mainly consists of shredder, crusher, shredder, air-flow specific gravity sorter, high-voltage electrostatic sorter and other auxiliary equipment.

1. The waste circuit board into a broken machine, the use of roller crusher (primary crushing) on the waste circuit board for coarse crushing, so that the circuit board crushed into about 4CM size of the material, and then into the belt conveyor, the conveyor on the magnetic separator will be sorted out the iron in the material, . The remaining materials will be sent by the conveyor into the secondary crusher for crushing, so that it becomes a powdered mixture of metal and resin fiber powder; crushed materials in the negative pressure fan, into the No. 1 cyclone separator, by the cyclone separator external rotary airflow settling to the vibrating screen of the airflow sorter, light resin powder will be linked to the cyclone separator internal rotary airflow into the pulse dust collector. The materials entering the airflow sorter will be separated from the metal powder materials and resin powder materials under the action of wind and vibration, and copper, resin powder and semi-finished products will be obtained. The purity of the copper obtained can be more than 85% and can be sold directly.

2. The resin powder obtained will enter the cyclone separator No.2 under the action of fan, and the resin powder will settle into the screw conveyor with the outer rotating airflow, and be sent out, bagged and collected by the screw conveyor. And the inner cyclone airflow will carry light dust into the pulse dust collector, under the filtration of dust bag, the dust will settle to the bottom and be sent out by the screw conveyor, bagged and collected. The clean air obtained after filtration is discharged from the top of the pulse dust collector. One of the semi-finished products obtained through the closed screw conveyor into the electrostatic sorting machine, sorting again, electrostatic sorting to get the semi-finished products are basically not completely crushed, stripped of unclean materials, the material will be crushed again through the screw conveyor into the secondary crusher, at the same time, electrostatic sorting will get a higher purity of copper and resin products.

Scrap circuit boards will circuit board recycling equipment applied to the industrial processing of electronic waste, circuit board recycling equipment crushing and separation device can be crushed and sorted for waste circuit boards, copper-clad boards and other electronic waste, for complex raw materials and raw materials containing different amounts of metal can be processed, high recovery rate, to protect the environment.